帮助 关于我们

返回检索结果

上海城市污泥中有机磷酸酯阻燃剂/增塑剂分布的初步研究
Occurrence and distribution of organophosphate esters flame retardants /plasticizers in the sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plants in Shanghai

查看参考文献26篇

徐亮 1,2   胡琼璞 1,2   刘静 1   曾祥英 1 *   于志强 1  
文摘 采用超声提取、固相萃取和气相色谱质谱联用(GC-MS)分析技术,测定了12个上海市政污水处理厂外排污泥中的8种常见有机磷酸酯(OPs)的浓度水平与分布特征.所有污泥样品中检出多种OPs分布,OPs总含量范围为138—778 ng·g~(-1) .主要污染物为三(1-氯-2-丙基)磷酸酯、三苯基磷酸酯、三-(2-氯乙基)磷酸酯(TCEP) ,浓度范围分别为LOD—206 ng·g~(-1)、8.82—52.9 ng·g~(-1)和7.12—65.7 ng·g~(-1) .研究结果表明,生活污水和工业废水是OPs重要释放来源.因其显著毒性效应和持久性,TCEP被欧美等国禁用,但本研究污泥中广泛检出且含量水平较高(7.12—65.7 ng·g~(-1)) ,结果折射其高历史残留或持续使用.
其他语种文摘 Occurrence and distribution of 8 widely used organophosphates esters (OPs) flame retardants /plasticizes were investigated in 12 sludge samples collected from the municipal wastewater treatment plants in Shanghai. These samples were pretreated via ultrasonic-assisted extraction,and separated via solid - phase extraction, subsequently analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.Total concentrations of OPs ranged from 138 ng·g~(-1) to 778 ng·g~(-1) dry weight (mean at 297 ng·g~(-1)) in the sludges,with tris(2-chloroiso-propyl) phosphate,triphenyl phosphate,and tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) as the dominant compounds,and their concentrations varied in the range of LOD—206 ng·g~(-1),8.82—52.9 ng·g~(-1) and 7.12—65.7 ng·g~(-1),respectively. The results indicated that OPs originated mainly from domestic sewage and industrial wastewater. Due to its obvious toxicities and strong persistency,TCEP was replaced by TCPP in European and USA. This compound was detected in all the sludge samples in the present study,which suggests that TCEP might be from past residue or still in use in the studied region.
来源 环境化学 ,2018,37(8):1699-1705 【核心库】
DOI 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2017111701
关键词 有机磷酸酯 ; 阻燃剂/增塑剂 ; 外排污泥 ; 上海
地址

1. 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所, 有机地球化学国家重点实验室;;广东省环境资源利用与保护重点实验室, 广州, 510640  

2. 中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049

语种 中文
文献类型 研究性论文
ISSN 0254-6108
学科 行业污染、废物处理与综合利用
基金 国家自然科学基金 ;  中国科学院前沿科学重点研究项目
文献收藏号 CSCD:6305307

参考文献 共 26 共2页

1.  Reemtsma T. Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in water and air I. Occurrence and fate. Trac-Trends in Analytical Chemistry,2008,27(9):727-737 被引 39    
2.  Salamova A. High Levels of organophosphate flame retardants in the Great Lakes atmosphere. Environmental Science & Technology Letters,2014,1(1):8-14 被引 13    
3.  欧育湘. 我国有机磷阻燃剂产业的分析与展望. 化工进展,2011,30(1):210-215 被引 18    
4.  Wei G L. Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers: Sources,occurrence,toxicity and human exposure. Environmental Pollution,2015,196:29-46 被引 78    
5.  Salamova A. Organophosphate and halogenated flame retardants in atmospheric particles from a european arctic site. Environmental Science & Technology,2014,48(11):6133-6140 被引 19    
6.  Cheng W H. Detection and distribution of Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate on the East Antarctic ice sheet. Chemosphere,2013,92(8):1017-1021 被引 1    
7.  Gramatica P. Are some " safer alternatives" hazardous as PBTs? The case study of new flame retardants. Journal of Hazardous Materials,2016,306:237-246 被引 2    
8.  Hou R. Review of OPFRs in animals and humans: Absorption,bioaccumulation,metabolism,and internal exposure research. Chemosphere,2016,153:78-90 被引 49    
9.  Van Der Veen I. Phosphorus flame retardants: Properties,production,environmental occurrence,toxicity and analysis. Chemosphere,2012,88(10):1119-1153 被引 131    
10.  Kawagoshi Y. Distribution of organophosphoric acid triesters between water and sediment at a sea-based solid waste disposal site. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management,1999,1(1):53-61 被引 10    
11.  Zeng X Y. The occurrence and removal of organophosphate ester flame retardants/plasticizers in a municipal wastewater treatment plant in the Pearl River Delta,China. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part a-Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering,2015,50(12):1291-1297 被引 2    
12.  Meng X Z. Organic contaminants in Chinese sewage sludge: A meta-analysis of the literature of the past 30 years. Environmental Science & Technology,2016,50(11):5454-5466 被引 9    
13.  Karthikraj R. Mass loading and removal of benzotriazoles,benzothiazoles,benzophenones,and bisphenols in Indian sewage treatment plants. Chemosphere,2017,181:216-223 被引 5    
14.  Wang Z M. Wastewater discharge impact on drinking water sources along the Yangtze River (China). Science of the Total Environment,2017,599/600:1399-1407 被引 6    
15.  Chen C. Ambient air pollution and daily hospital admissions for mental disorders in Shanghai,China. Science of the Total Environment,2018,613/614:324-333 被引 10    
16.  刘静. 超声提取/固相萃取测定固体介质中合成麝香及有机磷酸酯阻燃剂/增塑剂. 分析测试学报,2016,35(1):61-67 被引 7    
17.  Vojta S. Changes in flame retardant and legacy contaminant concentrations in indoor air during building construction,furnishing,and use. Environmental Science & Technology,2017,51(20):11891-11899 被引 2    
18.  Wang Y. Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in building and decoration materials and their potential burdens in newly decorated houses in China. Environmental Science & Technology,2017,51(19):10991-10999 被引 12    
19.  Gao L H. Occurrence and distribution of organophosphate triesters and diesters in sludge from sewage treatment plants of Beijing,China. Science of the Total Environment,2016,544:143-149 被引 4    
20.  Pang L. Occurrence,distribution,and potential affecting factors of organophosphate flame retardants in sewage sludge of wastewater treatment plants in Henan Province,Central China. Chemosphere,2016,152:245-251 被引 10    
引证文献 5

1 茹淑玲 室内环境中通过灰尘摄入和手-口接触带来的阻燃剂人体暴露风险 环境化学,2019,38(10):2247-2255
被引 2

2 闫振飞 典型有机磷酸酯阻燃剂分析方法研究进展 生态毒理学报,2020,15(1):94-108
被引 7

显示所有5篇文献

论文科学数据集
PlumX Metrics
相关文献

 作者相关
 关键词相关
 参考文献相关

版权所有 ©2008 中国科学院文献情报中心 制作维护:中国科学院文献情报中心
地址:北京中关村北四环西路33号 邮政编码:100190 联系电话:(010)82627496 E-mail:cscd@mail.las.ac.cn 京ICP备05002861号-4 | 京公网安备11010802043238号