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典型沙漠绿洲城市表土磁性特征及环境指示意义
Magnetic properties of urban soils from typical oasis cities and their environmental implications

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王博 1   夏敦胜 1 *   余晔 2   贾佳 1   许淑婧 1  
文摘 选取典型沙漠绿洲城市(乌海、石嘴山、银川)表土为研究对象,对其环境磁学性质、土壤质地与重金属含量分布进行系统研究.结果表明,乌海市和石嘴山市表土为典型砂土,银川市为砂壤土.三个城市表土样品均以较粗的MD-PSD颗粒的亚铁磁性矿物(磁铁矿)为主导,磁化率均值分别为152×10~(-8)、104×10~(-8)和117×10~(-8) m~3· kg~(-1). 乌海市表土磁性矿物含量和磁性颗粒大小都显著高于石嘴山和银川市.重金属(Cr、C_u、Pb、Zn、Fe)的污染负荷指数(PLI)均显示,三个城市表土均存在轻度污染特征.同时磁化率和污染负荷指数在非工业区表现出点状高值分布,在工业区表现为面状高值分布特征.乌海市表土磁参数与重金属的相关系数显著高于石嘴山和银川,表明磁参数对于污染来源单一地区的污染程度评估更具优势.尽管三个城市表土磁学性质存在较大差异,但其磁化率均随污染负荷指数的增加呈现相同程度的递增.磁化率可以作为宁夏平原地区表土重金属污染程度评估的统一有效的代用指标.
其他语种文摘 This study is a systematic analysis on the environmental magnetic properties, soil texture and distribution of heavy metals content in topsoil sampled from typical oasis cities in desert like Wuhai,Shizuishan and Yinchuan. The results indicated that the topsoil in Wuhai and Shizuishan is typical sandy soil,while that in Yinchuan is sandy loam. Magnetic properties of topsoil samples are all predominated by ferrimagnetic magnetic mineral (magnetite) of coarse pseudo single domain (PSD)-multi domain (MD) particles with magnetic susceptibility of 152 X 10~(-8),104× 10~(-8),and 117×10~(-8)m~3 ? kg~(-1) respectively for the three cities. The magnetic mineral content and magnetic particles size in topsoil samples of Wuhai are significantly higher than that of Shizuishan and Yinchuan. Pollution Load Index (PLI) of heavy metals (Cr,Cu,Pb,Zn,Fe) showed that there is slight pollution in the three cities. Dotted distribution of high values of magnetic susceptibility and Pollution Load Index is shown in nonindustrial area, whilst planar distribution with high value is shown in industrial area. The correlation coefficient between magnetic parameters and heavy metals of topsoil in Wuhai is significantly higher than that in Shizuishan and Yinchuan, which suggests that magnetic parameters are more advantageous for evaluation on pollution degree in regions with single pollution source. There is an increase by the same degree in magnetic susceptibility in parallel with the increase of Pollution Load Index, despite of the significant difference of magnetic properties among three cities. Therefore, magnetic susceptibility can be used as the unified and effective substitute indicator to evaluate the pollution degree of heavy metals in topsoil of Ningxia plain.
来源 地球物理学报 ,2014,57(3):891-905 【核心库】
DOI 10.6038/cjg20140319
关键词 环境磁学 ; 重金属 ; 绿洲城市 ; 污染负荷指数 ; 磁化率
地址

1. 兰州大学干旱环境与气候变化协同创新中心, 西部环境教育部重点实验室, 兰州, 730000  

2. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 兰州, 730000

语种 中文
文献类型 研究性论文
ISSN 0001-5733
学科 地球物理学
基金 国家自然科学基金 ;  中国科学院“百人计划”项目
文献收藏号 CSCD:5109915

参考文献 共 42 共3页

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引证文献 17

1 陈新闯 乌兰布和沙漠乌海段新月形沙丘表层沉积物粒度与重金属分布特征 水土保持学报,2015,29(3):47-51
被引 4

2 聂燕 西北典型工矿型城市街道尘埃重金属污染的环境磁学响应 环境科学,2015,36(9):3438-3446
被引 10

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