帮助 关于我们

返回检索结果

历史时期伊犁河谷文化遗址时空特征及驱动力分析
Spatio-temporal characteristics of cultural sites and an analysis of their driving forces in the Ili River Valley in historical periods

查看参考文献37篇

王芳 1   张小雷 1 *   杨兆萍 1   栾福明 2   熊黑钢 3   王昭国 1   时卉 1  
文摘 运用ArcGIS软件对伊犁河谷文化遗址时空分布进行分析,探讨了遗址时空演变特征与人文历史、自然环境的关系。结果表明:①从夏一西周到清一近现代6个时期中,遗址数量及在总数中的比重、出现频率呈倒“V”型变化,从萌芽阶段到巅峰阶段,至衰落阶段。②遗址的空间分布格局由前3个时期的“东高西低”转变为后3个时期的“西高东低”,人类活动空间重心发生了转移。③遗址主要分布在1~5级坡度上,其比重由春秋一秦时期的75%增至清一近现代时期的93.75%;而遗址集中分布高程则由春秋一秦和西汉一南北朝时期的4?8级转移到后3个时期的1~4级,且其数量表现出明显的从高海拔的山地丘陵向低海拔平原、从高坡度向低坡度转移。④研究区遗址演变模式与典型干旱区遗址迁移模式相反,表现为特殊的“中上游”下游”迁移的“湿润模式”。⑤研究区文化遗址分布、时空演变受政治、经济、生产力等人文因素和地貌、海拔、坡度、气候等自然因素的综合影响。由于其气候湿润,水资源丰富,虽然遗址分布和演变表现出一定的河谷谷地、阶地、平原、水资源等“自然因素”指向性规律,但更突出表现为生产力水平、政治稳定、经济发展、商贸交通等“人文力量”指向性规律,这一点在中后期表现得更为明显。
其他语种文摘 This paper presents an analysis of the spatio-temporal distribution of cultural sites in the Ili River Valley in Northwest China based on the application of ArcGIS software. It further explores the relationships between the spatio-temporal evolution of the sites, human history, and the natural environment. The results indicate that the numbers and proportions of the sites, and the frequency of their occurrence, exhibited an inverted V-shaped change trend during six historical periods. These covered the initial, peak, and declining stages of six periods extending from the Xia- Western Zhou dynasties to the Qing- Modern period. The spatial distribution pattern shifted from "high in the east and low in the west" during the first three periods to "high in the west and low in the east" during the latter three periods, illustrating a change in the spatial center of gravity of human activities. The sites were mainly distributed on slopes of grades 1-5. The proportion of sites increased from 75% during the Spring and Autumn-Qin dynasties to 93.75% during the Qing- Modern period. The concentrated distribution of site elevations shifted from grades 4- 8 during the Spring and Autumn- Qin dynasties, and the Western Han-Northern and Southern dynasties to grades 1-4 during the latter three periods. The number of sites showed a shifting trend from high mountains and hills to low plains, and from high slopes to low slopes. In particular, the evolutionary pattern of sites in the study area exhibited a special "moist" pattern of migration from middle and upstream areas to downstream areas, as opposed to the migration pattern of sites located in typical arid areas. The paper also includes a discussion of factors influencing the distribution and spatio-temporal evolution of cultural sites, notably, human factors such as politics, economy, and productivity, and natural factors such as geomorphology, altitude, slope, and climate. Although the distribution and spatio- temporal evolution of cultural sites exhibited an orientation toward natural laws pertaining to factors such as river valleys, terraces, plains, and water resources, they presented a significant orientation toward laws, relating to human- driven forces including productivity levels, political stability, economic development, business and trade, and transport, which were more evident during the latter historical periods.
来源 地理学报 ,2015,70(5):796-808 【核心库】
DOI 10.11821/dlxb201505010
关键词 伊犁河谷 ; 历史时期 ; 文化遗址 ; 时空分布 ; 驱动力
地址

1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 乌鲁木齐, 830011  

2. 丽水学院商学院, 丽水, 323000  

3. 北京联合大学应用文理学院, 北京, 100083

语种 中文
文献类型 研究性论文
ISSN 0375-5444
学科 自然地理学
基金 国家自然科学基金 ;  中国科学院“外国专家特聘研究员计划”项目 ;  国家科技支撑计划项目
文献收藏号 CSCD:5424483

参考文献 共 37 共2页

1.  安特生. 中华远古之文化. 地质汇报,1923(5):11-12 被引 2    
2.  郑朝贵. 重庆库区旧石器时代至唐宋时期考古遗址时空分布与自然环境的关系. 科学通报,2008,53:93-111 被引 13    
3.  吴立. 巢湖流域新石器至汉代古聚落变更与环境变迁. 地理学报,2009,64(1):59-68 被引 20    
4.  李开封. 旧石器时代至商周时期贵州遗址空间分布及其自然环境背景. 地理学报,2013,68(1):58-68 被引 11    
5.  熊黑钢. 塔里木盆地南缘自然与人文历史变迁的耦合关系. 地理学报,2000,55(2):191-199 被引 19    
6.  侯光良. 基于GIS的4kaB.P.气候事件前后甘青史前遗址分布分析. 地理科学,2012,32(1):116-119 被引 10    
7.  朱光耀. 安徽省新石器和夏商周时代遗址时空分布与人地关系的初步研究. 地理科学,2005,25(3):346-352 被引 18    
8.  顾维玮. 苏北地区新石器时代考古遗址分布特征及其与环境演变关系的研究. 地理科学,2005,25(2):239-243 被引 20    
9.  Perdue P C. Water control in the Dongting Lake region during the Ming and Qing periods. J. Asi. Stud,1982,41(4):747-765 被引 4    
10.  Perdue P C. Exhausting the Earth: State and Present in Hunan, 1500-1850 AD,1987 被引 1    
11.  郭媛媛. 山东北部地区聚落遗址时空分布与环境演变的关系. 地理学报,2013,68(4):559-570 被引 23    
12.  董广辉. 黄河上游谷地史前遗址调查及空间分布特征分析. 中国地理学会2011年学术年会论文摘要集,2011:70-71 被引 1    
13.  邓辉. 8500 a BP以来长江中游平原地区古文化遗址分布的演变. 地理科学进展,2011,31(2):239-243 被引 3    
14.  黄润. 安徽淮河流域全新世环境演变对新石器遗址分布的影响. 地理学报,2005,60(5):742-750 被引 24    
15.  Dornkamp J C. Trend- surface Analysis of Planation Surface: With an East African Case Study. Spatial Analysis in Geomorphology,1972:247-283 被引 1    
16.  郑朝贵. 太湖地区7-4 kaBP文化遗址时空分布的环境考古研究,2005 被引 1    
17.  李中轩. 汉江中下游新石器文化遗址的空间格局. 地理科学,2011,31(2):239-243 被引 8    
18.  Carr C. Introductory remarks on regional analysis. For Concordance in Archaeological Analysis: Bridging Data Structure, Quantitative Techniques, and Theory,1985:114-127 被引 3    
19.  Kohler T A. Predictive models for archaeological resource location. Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory,1986:397-452 被引 6    
20.  Kohler T A. Predictive locational modeling: History and current practice. Quantifying the Present and Predicting the past: Theory, Method, and Application of Archaeological Predictive Modeling,1988 被引 1    
引证文献 16

1 阮浩波 毛乌素沙地汉代古城遗址空间格局及驱动力分析 地理学报,2016,71(5):873-882
被引 18

2 栾福明 旧石器时期以来新疆文化遗址分布特征及驱动因素 中国沙漠,2016,36(5):1496-1502
被引 4

显示所有16篇文献

论文科学数据集
PlumX Metrics
相关文献

 作者相关
 关键词相关
 参考文献相关

版权所有 ©2008 中国科学院文献情报中心 制作维护:中国科学院文献情报中心
地址:北京中关村北四环西路33号 邮政编码:100190 联系电话:(010)82627496 E-mail:cscd@mail.las.ac.cn 京ICP备05002861号-4 | 京公网安备11010802043238号