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贵屿某电子垃圾拆解点附近大气颗粒物中氯代/溴代二英、四溴双酚A污染水平研究
Particle-bound PCDD/Fs, PBDD/Fs and TBBPA in the atmosphere around an electronic waste dismantling site in Guiyu, China

查看参考文献28篇

文摘 对贵屿某电子垃圾拆解点附近大气颗粒物中氯代二英(PCDD/Fs)、溴代二英(PBDD/Fs)、四溴双酚A(TBBPA)含量水平进行了调查研究.结果显示,大气颗粒物中17种2,3,7,8-PCDD/Fs和8种2,3,7,8-PBDD/Fs的浓度范围分别为126.54~524.78pg·m~(-3)和376.42~566.76pg·m~(-3);平均毒性当量(TEQ)分别为16.29pg·m~(-3)、91.28pg·m~(-3),均高出目前所报道的国内外其它部分城市大气污染水平1~4个数量级,且PBDD/Fs的污染水平远远高于PCDD/Fs.四氯至八氯代PCDD/Fs同系物呈现出明显且特别的分布规律,PCDDs和PCDFs浓度均随着氯原子取代程度增加而降低.TBBPA的浓度范围为66.01~95.04ng·m~(-3),大气中PBDD/Fs浓度与之显著相关r=0.69.初步的暴露风险评价表明,当地居民每日通过呼吸摄入的二英含量远远超过了世界卫生组织(WHO)规定的人体每日耐受量(TDI)1~4pg(W-TEQ)·kg~(-1)d~(-1).
其他语种文摘 A short-term sampling scheme was conducted to investigate the levels of particle-bound polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs) and tetrabromobisphenol A in the atmosphere around an electronic waste dismantling area in Guiyu, China. The concentration of 2,3,7,8-PCDD/Fs and 2,3,7,8-PBDD/Fs were 126.54~524.78 pg · m~(-3) and 376.42~566.76 pg · m~(-3), respectively. The mean toxic equivalent (TEQ) values were 16.29 pg · m~(-3) and 91.28 pg · m~(-3), respectively, which were 1~4 orders of magnitude higher than those of other cities in the world. The PBDD/Fs pollution was much more serious than PCDD/Fs. Profiles of total native PCDD/F homologues in the air of Guiyu differed from typical urban air patterns reported in the literature, and the concentration of homologues decreased with the increase of the degree of chlorination. The concentration range of TBBPA was 66.01~95.04 ng · m~(-3), and PBDD/F concentration had obvious regressive relationship with the TBBPA content in the particles (r=0.69). Our preliminary inhalation risk assessment showed that residents in Guiyu were at a high dioxins exposure risk. The total dioxins intake doses far exceeded the tolerable daily intake limit (1~4 pg of W-TEQ · kg~(-1) · d~(-1)) suggested by WHO.
来源 环境科学学报 ,2012,32(5):1142-1148 【核心库】
关键词 贵屿 ; 电子垃圾 ; 氯代二英 ; 溴代二英 ; 四溴双酚A
地址

中国科学院广州地球化学研究所, 有机地球化学国家重点实验室, 广州, 510640

语种 中文
文献类型 研究性论文
ISSN 0253-2468
学科 环境污染及其防治
基金 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目 ;  国家自然科学基金 ;  有机地球化学国家重点实验室创新基金
文献收藏号 CSCD:4511556

参考文献 共 28 共2页

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引证文献 13

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