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基于DEM的地形湿度指数及其应用研究进展
Advancement in Topographic Wetness Index and Its Application

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张彩霞 1   杨勤科 2   李锐 1  
文摘 地形湿度指数以数字高程模型(DEM)为基础.综合考虑了地形和土壤特性对土壤水分分布的影响.在流域土壤水分空间分布的研究中具有重要的理论与应用价值。根据对汇流面积时空变化的分析,地形湿度指数可分为静态、半动态和动态地形湿度指数等类型。在利用该指数评价土壤水分空间分布状况时.需要考虑计算方法与DEM网格单元大小的影响及其普遍适应性等问题。同时.针对黄土高原干旱半干旱区实际的水分循环过程和产流机制与现有地形湿度指数假设条件的差异.提出了地形湿度指数在黄土高原地区的研究设想与应用途径.以期为该区的水土保持和植被恢复研究提供理论和实践支持.
其他语种文摘 Topographic wetness index, which takes into account the integrated effects of topography and soil hydraulic characters on soil moisture, plays important theoretical and applied potentials in the studies of spatial distribution of soil moisture. Considering the spatial-temporal variation in upslope contributing area, topographic wetness indexes were divided into three types, e.g. static, quasi-dynamic and full dynamic. The effects of computing methods of topographic wetness index and resolution of DEMs as well as the universality of the index should be analyzed discreetly in application of topographic wetness index. At the same time, for,the apparent differences between the current assumptions of topographic wetness index and actual water cycling process and runoff mechanism in arid/semi-arid region, the research approaches and the conceive of the application of topographic wetness index are provide theoretical and practical foundation for the vegetation soil and water in the region. for the Losses Plateau to restoration and the conservation of
来源 地理科学进展 ,2005,24(6):116-123 【核心库】
关键词 地形湿度指数 ; 土壤水分空间分布 ; DEM ; 尺度转换 ; 黄土高原
地址

1. 中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所, 杨凌, 712100  

2. 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 杨凌, 712100

语种 中文
文献类型 研究性论文
ISSN 1007-6301
学科 系统科学;农业基础科学
基金 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目
文献收藏号 CSCD:2163466

参考文献 共 38 共2页

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引证文献 32

1 秦承志 平缓地区地形湿度指数的计算方法 地理科学进展,2006,25(6):87-93
被引 17

2 张素梅 利用地形和遥感数据预测土壤养分空间分布 农业工程学报,2010,26(5):188-194
被引 77

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