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国内外生态足迹模型应用的回顾与展望
Review and Prospect of the Application of Ecological Footptint Model

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文摘 随着生态足迹模型的不断完善,其应用案例大量出现.文章回顾了国内外生态足迹模型的发展历程及其在区域可持续发展度量、生态经济等领域所得到的广泛应用,以及生态足迹模型在应用过程所得到的修正,如采用投入产出分析以完善计算方法,采用地方生产力指标体系以体现区域特征,补充丰富土地划分类型,通过长时间序列研究以弥补原模型的静态缺点,并配合其他可持续发展指标以辅助相关政策制定等.文章最后对生态足迹模型今后的应用发展方向进行了展望.
其他语种文摘 The heart of sustainability study is measurement, and the ecological footprint (EF) model gradually becomes an important way to measure sustainability. Since it adopts a common standard, the study results of EF model could be comparable and easily understood. The EF analysis is designed to calculate the demand of a given population on nature by a common unit, namely bio-productive area, and its goal is to estimate the sustainable state by studying whether the demand exceeds the available supply. The purpose of this paper is to review the history of its application in China and abroad systematically. EF model has now been applied to measure the sustainability of many nations, cities and regions as well as for globe itself. And its applied field has been extended to land demand forecast, tourism sustainability measurement, environ-ment impact assessment and so on. With the development of application, the EF method has been gradually modified and upgraded. To get integrated trade information, some studies took input and output calculation instead of original calculation method. The system of local produc-tivity parameter is applied to show the regional characteristic. The bio-productive area types have been reclassified to consider greenhouse gases other than CO2 and emission sources other than energy use. The goal of long time-series research is to overcome static weakness. With oth-er sustainable development indices, it could be easily to make available policies. At last, the paper gives a prospect on the development of EF models' application. The index system should be modified to present the characteristic of study object. We must enhance the EF' s forecast a-bility and boost up the development of application in environmental, social and economic fields in China.
来源 地理科学进展 ,2005,24(2):13-23 【核心库】
关键词 生态足迹 ; 模型应用 ; 回顾与展望
地址

北京大学环境学院, 北京, 100871

语种 中文
文献类型 研究性论文
ISSN 1007-6301
学科 环境科学基础理论
基金 国家自然科学基金资助项目 ;  国家973计划 ;  北京大学深圳研究生院院长基金资助项目
文献收藏号 CSCD:1953720

参考文献 共 84 共5页

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引证文献 32

1 刘毅华 西藏土地沙漠化形成机制的生态足迹分析 中国沙漠,2006,26(3):461-465
被引 5

2 戴科伟 基于生态足迹的自然保护区生态承载力评估——以鹞落坪国家级自然保护区为例 华中师范大学学报. 自然科学版,2006,40(3):462-466
被引 2

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